Science and Technology
Responsable Delegate: Dr. Katharina Schauberger, Tel. +33 (0)1 55 74 57 07, Contact Form
In the fields of science and technology, Germany regards the OECD as an important political and specialist platform for the exchange of information and experience. In addition, the Organisation makes available comparative analyses and international statistics. In this context, it examines how science, technology and innovation policy can effectively contribute to sustainable growth and to job creation. For instance, it gives advice on how to tackle specific challenges, e.g. digitisation. In this connection, the OECD has developed the world’s leading indicators to describe and measure Member countries’ innovative capacities.
Digitalisation is increasing all around the world. Nowadays information and communications technology (ICT) is the sector with the largest global value-added. So the German Government’s activities in this area concentrate among other things on new fields for growth, particularly in the area of innovative services, the sustainable modernisation of administration and strengthening the security of and confidence in ICT. Given that the ICT sector is particularly dependent on international connectivity and cooperation, we are deliberately focusing on building up close cross-border collaboration and on making use of the acquired know-how. The OECD looks at its influence on modern production, the so-called “Industrie 4.0” in the field of digital technologies. When it comes to the spread of modern technologies and applications, the digital industry and policymakers have a joint responsibility to weigh up the opportunities and risks (security and trust) inherent in digital technology and at the same time to find innovation-friendly, consumer-oriented solutions. In keeping with digitisation’s huge importance for commerce and society, the OECD devoted an entire conference to the many issues raised, the OECD Ministerial Meeting on the Digital Economy, held in Mexico in June 2016. One important outcome of the meeting was the adoption of a Ministerial Declaration addressing the many different facets of digitisation. Moreover, the OECD is conducting a large-scale horizontal (i.e. interdepartmental) project on the digital economy and society to look at these issues (“Going digital”).
Particular importance attaches to promoting and protecting innovation. More than ever before, science, research and innovation form the basis for economic growth and prosperity.
Against the backdrop of increasing economic globalisation (global value chains), political and economic strategies to boost innovation are therefore key elements for the future global economic development. The OECD Innovation Strategy 2015: An Agenda for Policy Action was presented during the 2015 Ministerial Council Meeting. For the first time it takes account of green growth and focuses on the topic of well-being.
Among the various fields of technology, biotechnology currently has an increasing impact on numerous business and scientific sectors. The OECD has been working in this area for over 20 years and takes account of scientific, industrial, healthcare and agricultural applications. Particular attention is paid to security issues relating to biotechnology.