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Morgendämmerung in Brandenburg

Morgendämmerung in Brandenburg, © dpa

27.02.2018 - Article

Energy

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Security of supply, cost effectiveness and environmental friendliness form the basis of political action in German energy policy. Accordingly, the focus is always on the international competitiveness of German companies and of Germany as a location for business and investment. At the same time, multilateral cooperation is becoming increasingly important in view of the greater competition for energy resources and the international challenge of climate protection.

Increased global energy consumption has led to higher greenhouse gas emissions. The OECD analyses national and international policies as well as their impact on the economy and environment. OECD studies show that market-economy structures, which place as small a burden as possible on economies, are best suited to ensuring a cost-effective energy supply and use. This means that the OECD countries need to create market-economy conditions in the energy sector in order to foster competition. Systematic liberalisation of the electricity and gas markets is regarded as a prerequisite for competition developing in this sector, which was previously in the hands of monopolies.

Overall, Germany wants to safeguard both its competitiveness as a location for business and investment and a sustainable energy supply. A long-term balanced energy mix is crucial for this. Apart from supporting international cooperation via the OECD, the German Government is particularly active in the bodies of the

*   Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA)

Among the public, nuclear energy poses serious questions as regards the safety of nuclear power plants, the final disposal of long-life radioactive waste, the cost-effectiveness of the fuel cycle and the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. The NEA is active in many of these areas. It sees its role as ensuring that leading experts work together to produce well-founded and objective analyses that aid governments’ decision-making.

and the

*   International Energy Agency (IEA)

The IEA was founded as an independent organisation in 1974 following the first oil crisis. The aim was to make its members less vulnerable to oil shortages by establishing a system of mutual support. The member countries keep oil supplies to cover at least 90 days and make these stocks available in case of a crisis. Safeguarding a secure energy supply is thus one of the IEA’s main objectives.

The topic of energy efficiency and its technological aspects is currently of great importance to the work of the IEA. There is enormous potential to save energy worldwide. According to the IEA, 80% of all greenhouse gas emission reductions could be achieved by carrying out energy-efficiency strategies successfully. These strategies would also significantly improve security of supply.

In concrete terms, the IEA works on the following areas:

    cross-sector analysis and dialogue activities, including country-specific analyses of the energy policy of
    member states and selected non-member states

    measures on security of supply of oil and gas

    increased energy efficiency

    technological cooperation, including renewable energies

In view of the increasingly globalised energy markets and emerging economies, such as China and India, which do not belong to the OECD, this goal is regarded in terms of global security of supply. Dialogue and cooperation with non-Members (global relations) is a vital component of these activities. Alongside bilateral ties, the aim is multilateral cooperation in the form of association status. (China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore and Morocco are associated States.) Furthermore, cooperation with a growing number of international forums that also deal with energy policy is becoming increasingly important.

More Information

International Energy Agency

Nuclear Energy Agency

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy

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